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mathematics lesson plan provides the framework for a teacher to organize the objectives, procedures, and resources needed in order to teach mathematical concepts in a systematic and organized manner. Mathematics lesson plans are developed to support the state and national standards for mathematics teaching. Their purpose is to guide the education of our children in the content areas of mathematics. No matter what age group a mathematics lesson plan is designed for it should address one of these five content areas: numbers & operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and data analysis & probability.

Mathematics lesson plans must incorporate the process standards necessary for students to learn to think mathematically. Each lesson should provide opportunities for students to engage in problem solving as related to the mathematical content area being studied. Students should be required to provide reasoning and proof in defense of their answers during a lesson. A strong mathematical lesson plan should also encourage communication of the mathematical ideas being presented either verbally or through pictures and writing. Each lesson should also guide students in making connections within and between mathematical ideas. It is important they connect what they are learning in the classroom and how it applies in the real world as part of the mathematics lesson. Finally opportunities should be given for students to use and develop representations, like graphs, in order solve problems in an organized and logical manner.

Mathematics lesson plans should be multifaceted. An overview of a weekly mathematics lesson plan should show evidence of student opportunities for independent work, partner work, and group work. The standards being focused on should also be presented to students in more ways than just the traditional lecture. The use of technology, music, pictures, and even students own bodies helps them better commit the mathematical concept being presented to memory.

Because the vocabulary used in a mathematics lesson plan is unique to mathematics it is often impossible for students to use context clues to figure out their meaning. Mathematics lesson plans should reflect this and incorporate vocabulary instruction into the lesson. Vocabulary should be intentionally and systematically taught at the start of a new unit of study and then reinforced throughout.

Lesson planning is time consuming, so instead of creating mathematical lesson plans and the necessary materials from scratch, many teachers are looking to the Internet instead. For those who prefer to do it themselves each of the national mathematical standards have been identified and clearly defined on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) website. There are also many ready-made math plans, PowerPoint presentations, and recommended activities available at the click of the mouse.